Saturday, 10 September 2011

Shriniwas Khale - Pearl of marathi music in india.

Shriniwas khale well known as khale kaka was one of all time favorite music composer in marathi & hindi music industry in india.Indian music industry is in deep grief of sad demise of khale kaka.He was one of the most respected artists in the Marathi music industry for over six decades. He was the recipient of Padma Bhushan award in 2010.

Shrinivas Khale
Shriniwas khale alias khale kaka
         Shriniwas khale alias khale kaka was from a village called Parali in Kokan-Raigad zilla, Maharashtra, India.He composed numerous songs in five languages like marathi,gujrati,hindi,bengali and sanskrit.He worked with many artists in bollywood like gan kokila lata mageshkar,asha bhosle,mohd. rafi,manna dey,suresh wadkar & many more.Khale Kaka was also the only musician to bring along two Bharat Ratna recipient singers, Smt Lata Mangeshkar and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi for a Hindi bhajan (devotional song) album Ram Shyam Gun Gan. His last album "Nath Maza Mi Nathancha" was released in September 2009 which includes Abhangas Bhaktigeetas by Saint Krishnadas.
                      Shriniwas Khale began his music lessons with Kanchanlal, a gujrati music teacher. He continued then with Pt. Bansilal Bharati, Gulam Rasool, Aftaab e Mousiqui Faiyaaz Khan Sahab, Ustad Atta Hussainkhan and then Pt. Madhusudan Joshi. It was from the latter two that he learned the Agra gharana gayaki.He began his journey as a music director for All India Radio (AIR) in 1945. He went on his first Gujarati recording of Talat Mahmood in Gramaphone Company India Limited in 1950.He had left home to pursue his career in music from Baroda. In 1970 Shrinivas Khale - Ek Sankalan by Mauj Publishers was released for completing 25 years as a successful music director. He was profiled in Who's Who London (1978), Voice of America (1988), Radio Sydney, Australia (2000). In 2009 Datta Marulkar wrote a book Antaryami Surr Gavasala about Khale.
                       Shankar  mahadevan one the best music composer & singer of bollywood music industry learnt lessons of music from khale kaka when he was just 10 year old.Shriniwas khale most of marathi hits songs were written by well known marathi poet & his good friend Shri Mangesh Padgaonkar .Songs written & compose by duo were so famous in marathi music industry.Finally,shriniwas khale alias khale kaka took his last breath at the age of 85 in his house in neighbouring Thane this month on 2 september 2011 of short illness.He was survived by wife & three daughters.May god give peace to his soul.

Thursday, 8 September 2011

Legends of indian music industry

               In world of globalization indian music getting good exposure.The indian music crossing border & spreading his magic across the world.There were some people who made this possible & they are legends of ever growing indian music industry as they created a base for music industry in india.I tried to bring them together in brief in this article.
SachinDev BurmanSachin Dev Burman , also credited as Burman da, Kumar Sachindra Dev Barman, Sachin karta or S. D. Burman, was one of the most famous music composers for Hindi movies and a Bengali singer and composer. His son Rahul Dev Burman also achieved great success as a Bollywood music director in his own right. S D Burman composed music for 100 movies, including Bengali films. S. D. Burman was born on 1 October 1906, in Comilla, British India, now in Bangladesh, to Rajkumari Nirmala Devi, princess of Manipur and Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman, the second son of 'Ishanachandra Dev Burman', Raja of Tripura, (r. 1849-1862). Sachin was the youngest of the five sons, of his parents, who had nine children in all.Early on in his career, he refused to allow his voice be lip-synced on film by actors,[4] as a result, even later on, in Hindi cinema, his thin yet powerful voice was often used as bardic commentary to haunting results, as in Ore Majhi Mere Sajan Hai Us Paar Bandini (1963), Wahaan Kaun hai Tera from "Guide" (1965) and finally Safal Hogi Teri Aradhana from Aradhana (1969),[15] for which he received the National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the year, 1970 .
The Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar was named after the composer by Sachin's grandfather, who was an ardent fan of S. D. Burman.
Omkar Prasad Nayyar (16 January 1926 – 28 January 2007) was an Indian film music director and composer born in Lahore, India, now in modern day Pakistan. He was particularly acclaimed for his peppy numbers.
O.P. is reported to have commanded the highest fees in the Hindi movie music world at the height of his reign as a composer. He was the first Hindi music director to receive 100,000 rupees for his compositions for a movie. It was a very substantial sum of money in the 1950s.O.P. was known to have a stubborn individuality, and traits of aloofness and imperiousness. However, he was always generous with struggling newcomers and artists who had been marginalized in the movie industry. The press was always deferential to him, and frequently referred to him as a "rebel" composer. Many columnists too labeled him as a maverick. Judging from his combative performance in various TV talk shows later on, O.P. seemed to enjoy those epithets.
           O.P. worked extensively with Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle, and Mohammed Rafi, and was instrumental in building their careers. Some Bollywood observers maintained that Asha Bhosle was his find and that he groomed her specially for his tunes. Many of his compositions which Asha sang are memorable and have a contemporary flair.O.P. never worked with Lata Mangeshkar, the melody queen.

Shankar Jaikishan also known as S/J, is an Indian music composer duo in the Hindi film industry, working together from 1949–1971.Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi (25 October 1922 – 26 April 1987) born in Tanuku, west godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, but was a native of Rajasthan originally while Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal (4 November 1929 – 12 September 1971) belonged to Bansda (Vansada), Gujarat.
Shankar-Jaikishan were the pioneers in establishing the role of the orchestra in song compositions as a medium to express and enhance the meanings and feelings of songs rather than using it just as a `filler' as per the prevalent practice before their advent on the scene.  Shankar-Jaikishan made a significant contribution in promoting Indian classical music throughout their career. It was their established practice to have at least one song in a movie based on semi-classical style.
 Shankar Jaikishan had the major contribution towards the development of Jazz music in India and the new genre Indo Jazz. Their 1968 album Raaga-Jazz style is the earliest Indo-Jazz recording in India. In this album, considered to be one of the most innovative, SJ created 11 songs based on Indian Ragas with saxophone, trumpet, sitar (by Rais Khan), tabla, bass etc.

Laxmikant-Pyarelal Pyare were a popular Indian composer duo, consisting of Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar (1937–1998) and Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (born 1940).Laxmikant was born into a poor family. He was quite impressed by mandolin and learnt to play it on his own eventually playing the mandolin publicly in street functions.Pyarelal was the son of a renowned trumpeter Pt. Ramprasad Sharma (popularly known as Babaji), who taught him the basics of music. He learnt to play violin from a Goan musician named Anthony Gonsalves.Laxmi-Pyare gave Indian classical music as well as Western music. But they were most popular for their folk tunes and semi-classical music. 
Lata Mangeshkar played a major role in shaping up the careers of LP. She sang the maximum numbers of songs for them. She sounded extremely melodious under LP. Lata Mangeshkar and Laxmikant-Pyarelal shared a long, close and rewarding association.

Naushad Ali ( December 25, 1919 – May 5, 2006) was an Indian musician. He was one of the foremost music directors for Bollywood films of all time, and is particularly known for popularizing the use of classical music in films. Naushad was raised as a Muslim in Lucknow, a city with a long tradition as a center of Muslim culture. His father, Wahid Ali, was a munshi (court clerk). As a child, Naushad would visit the annual fair at the Deva Sharif in Barabanki, 25 km from Lucknow, where all the great qawwals and musicians of those days would perform before the devotees, and Naushad would sit there, listening to those wondrous melodies. He studied classic Hindustani music there under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali, Ustad Babban Saheb, and others. He repaired harmoniums.
Naushad was known for his deft adaptation of the classical musical tradition for movies. For some movies like Baiju Bawra, he composed all scores in classical raga modes. He could easily work with Western instruments, including the clarinet, the mandolin, and the accordion. He could incorporate Western musical idioms in his compositions, and compose for Western-style orchestras.He composed the tunes of Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story (2005) at the age of 86, thus becoming the world's oldest composer.
5 films have been made on his life and work Naushad Ka Sangeet, Sangeet Ka Badshah, Naushad (T. V.) 1972, Biography-by Doordarshan; B. C. LONDON T. V. 's Movie Mahal Naushad, and T. V. Serial 'Zinda Ka Safer Biographical books published are Dastaan-E-Naushad (Marathi) by Shashikant Kinikar; Aaj Awat Man Mero (Gujarati); Hindi and Urdu biographical sketches in Shama & Sushma Magazines respectively, titled "Naushad Ki Kahani, Naushad Ki Zubani"; the last one was translated into Marathi by Shashikant Kinikar. Kinikar also came up with a book titled "Notes of Naushad" which puts together some interesting anecdotes of Naushad's life.

Usha Khanna (born 1941 in Gwalior) is an Indian music director. Regarded as the first established female music director in the Indian film industry, she remained active for more than 3 decades from 1960s to 1980s. She is still active making some music for some movies and television-serials, more than 40 years after her debut as music director in Dil Deke Dekho (1959). She received a Filmfare nomination for composing the songs for the huge hit film Souten (1983). 
After she started composing music for Hindi movies, Usha Khanna struggled to establish herself as a music director, despite producing many hit songs. She often collaborated with Asha Bhosle, who referred to Usha Khanna as her daughter, and Mohammed Rafi. This trio produced many hit songs.Saawan Kumar was often the lyricist for Usha Khanna, and wrote most of his lyrics for her songs. He directed and produced the lyrics for eleven movies she scored the music for. In 1979 K J Yesudas received Filmfare award for her song Dil ke tukde tukde in the film Dada. Usha Khanna married to Sawankumar Tak but later they separarted and she live alone in Bombay(present name Mumbai) now.

Tuesday, 6 September 2011

Maa Saraswati: Goddess of music in spiritual indian

Maa saraswati is the goddess of Music in india.In ancient india,maa saraswati represents knowledge,music,river.The name "saraswati" came came from "saras" (meaning "flow") and "wati" (meaning "a woman").

The goddess Saraswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in pure white often seated on a white lotus, which symbolizes that she is founded in the experience of the Absolute Truth. Thus, she not only has the knowledge but also the experience of the Highest Reality. She is mainly associated with the color white, which signifies the purity of true knowledge. Occasionally, however, she is also associated with the colour yellow, the colour of the flowers of the mustard plant that bloom at the time of her festival in the spring. She is not adorned heavily with jewels and gold, unlike the goddess Lakshmi, but is dressed modestly — representing her preference of knowledge over worldly material things.In Hindu beliefs, great significance is attached to offering honey to this goddess, as honey is representative of perfect knowledge. Hymns dedicated to her include Saraswati Vandana Mantra.
She is generally shown to have four arms, which represent the four aspects of human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness, and ego. Alternatively, these four arms also represent the 4 Vedas, the primary sacred books for Hindus. The Vedas, in turn, represent the 3 forms of literature:
  • Poetry — the Rigveda contains hymns, representing poetry
  • Prose — Yajurveda contains prose
  • Music — Samaveda represents music.
The four hands also depict this thus — prose is represented by the book in one hand, poetry by the garland of crystal, music by the veena. The pot of sacred water represents purity in all of these three, or their power to purify human thought.In the Rigveda, Saraswati is a river as well as its personification as a goddess. In the post-Vedic age, she began to lose her status as a river goddess and became increasingly associated with literature, arts, music, etc. In Hinduism, Saraswati represents intelligence, consciousness, cosmic knowledge, creativity, education, enlightenment, music, the arts, eloquence and power. Hindus worship her not only for "academic knowledge", but for "divine knowledge" essential to achieve moksha.
She is shown to hold the following in her hands:
  • A book, which is the sacred Vedas, representing the universal, divine, eternal, and true knowledge as well as her perfection of the sciences and the scriptures.
  • A mālā (rosary) of crystals, representing the power of meditation and spirituality.
  • A pot of sacred water, representing creative and purification powers.
  • The vina, a musical instrument that represents her perfection of all arts and sciences. Saraswati is also associated with anurāga, the love for and rhythm of music which represents all emotions and feelings expressed in speech or music.

            In india Maa saraswati revered most as goddess of knowledge and music.Maa carrying Veena & sitting on lotus allures everyone & compels everyone to resort Knowledge & Music.

                                      JAI MAA SARASWATI

Monday, 5 September 2011

Masters of indian music

                   People who brought new face to indian Music are the masters of indian music.As there are people who got mastery in playing indian classical .These people spent their whole life in worship of goddess Maa Saraswati & her  'Sadhana' .Following is the brief of some these personalities.
Ustad Zakir Hussain (born 9 March 1951), son of tabla player Ustad Allah Rakha, is the most famous classical tabla player in India (and, probably, in the world) today. He is appreciated both in the field of percussion and in the music world at large. He has won many awards and much recognition for his contributions.
Zakir Hussain has worked with many leading Western and Indian artists, and has produced many works of East-West fusion, perhaps most notably with George Harrison

Ravi Shankar Sitar Player Born : 7 April 1920,Birthplace : aranasi, India Best known as: The sitar virtuoso who influenced The Beatles Ravi Shankar is the 20th century's most famous player of the complex stringed instrument known as the sitar. The 1950s were possibly Shankar's most creative period: he composed and performed, worked as musical director of All-India Radio in Delhi, created the Vadya Vrinda Chamber Orchestra, scored films (most notably the Apu Trilogy of director Satyajit Ray) and began touring the world and winning acclaim for himself and for Indian music. In the 1960s Shankar grew still more famous for his influence on The Beatles, who used a sitar in some of their more psychedelic tunes. (Shankar was particular friends with George Harrison, who produced some of Shankar's later albums.) As years passed Shankar became known less as a performer and more as an elder statesman of world music. In 2000 he was given the French Legion of Honor, and in 2001 he was awarded an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II.

Hari Prassad Chaurasia Born: July 1, 1938,Achievement: Noted flute player; recipient of Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhusan. Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, is a world-renowned exponent of the bansuri or bamboo flute. He is one of those rare classical musicians who expanded the peripheries of classical music by taking it to the common masses. 
Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia was born on July 1, 1938 at Allahabad in a non-musical family. His father was a wrestler and wanted him to become one. Scared of his father, Hari Prasad Chaurasia learnt music secretly. At the age of 15, he started learning vocal music from Pandit Rajaram. After some time, he switched to learning flute under the guidance of Pt. Bholanath of Varanasi. Later on, while working for All India Radio, he received guidance from the reclusive Annapurna Devi (daughter of Baba Allaudin Khan). 
                    Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia has introduced several innovations in the art of playing flute. He has significantly expanded the expressive possibilities of North Indian classical flute through his masterful blowing technique. Hariprasad Chaurasia has also made his mark as music director in the Hindi film industry. In partnership with Pandit Shivkumar Sharma, he has given music in several hit Hindi films such as "Silsila", "Chandni", and "Lamhe".Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia has won several honors and awards. These include: Sangeet Natak Academy Award (1984), Padma Bhushan (1992), and Padma Vibhusan (2000).

Ustad Bismillah Khan Born: March 21, 1916,Died: August 21, 2006 ,Achievement: Brought shehnai to the center stage of Indian classical music; Became the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.The legendary shehnai player, Ustad Bismillah Khan was one of India's most celebrated classical musicians. Bismillah Khan has been credited with taking the shehnai from the marriage mandap to the concert hall. 
                       Ustad Bismillah Khan brought Shehnai to the center stage of Indian classical music with his concert in the Calcutta All India Music Conference in 1937. He had the honor of performing at Delhi's Red Fort on the occasion of India's Independence on August 15, 1947. Bismillah Khan mesmerized everyone with his heart-touching rendering of Raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India's first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. Ustad Bismillah Khan was a recipient of many honors and awards. These include: Padma Vibhushan (1980), Padma Bhushan (1968), Padma Shri (1961), Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1956), and Tansen Award by Govt. of Madhya Pradesh. In 2001, Ustad Bismillah Khan became the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.Ustad Bismillah Khan died on August 21, 2006 due to cardiac arrest.

L.Subramaniam Born - 23 July 1947,Achievements - L. Subramaniam is a talented senior Indian violinist, composer and conductor skilled in Carnatic music of south India and Western classical. He is known to have done more than 150 recordings and has worked with many big names like Yehudi Menuhin, Stéphane Grappelli, Ruggiero Ricci, etc. 
L. Subramaniam is a very highly talented senior Indian violinist, composer and conductor. He is skilled in Carnatic music, which is the classical music tradition of south India as well as Western classical. L. Subramaniam is famous for his music and compositions in orchestral fusion. He is known to have done more than 150 recordings and has worked with a number of other big names like Yehudi Menuhin, Stéphane Grappelli, Ruggiero Ricci and so many others.L. Subramaniam, who hails from a Tamil family, gave his first public performance at the age of six. Music was in his blood from very childhood as both his parents, father V. Lakshminarayana, and mother V. Seethalakshmi, were renowned musicians. Though he acquired a doctorate in medicine, he chose to remain a violinist. He married Viji Subramanian and again after her death, the popular Indian playback singer Kavita Krishnamoorthy in 1999. The biography of L. Subramaniam's music career is quite impressive. 

Shiv Kumar Sharma Born: January 13, 1938,Achievement: Credited with single-handedly making the santoor a popular classical instrument; Recipient of Padmashree and Padma Vibhushan (2001) .Shiv Kumar Sharma's name is synonymous with santoor, Indian classical music instrument. Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma is credited with single-handedly making the santoor a popular classical instrument. 
Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma was born on January 13, 1938. Shivkumar Sharma took his initial training in music under his father, Pandit Uma Dutt Sharma, an exponent of the Benaras Gharana and the "raj pandit" at the court of Maharaja Pratap Singh. Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma learnt both the Tabla and the Santoor. He was also a vocalist. But, Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma became famous because of his improvisations with santoor, a folk instrument from the valley of Kashmir. Shiv Kumar Sharma modified santoor to make it more suitable for his classical technique. He introduced the new chromatic arrangement of notes and increased the range to cover full three octaves. He also improvised a new technique of playing with which he could sustain notes and maintain sound continuity. Shiv Kumar Sharma brought Santoor at par with other classical instruments, well established it not just all over India, but also across the globe.