Sunday, 9 October 2011

Jagjit Singh -The Gazal Maestro Of Indian Music

Today we are suffering big loss to our music culture & music industry.The Gazal Samrat 'Jagjit Singh' passed away due to brain haemorrhage early morning today at 8.10 am in Lilavati Hospital of mumbai.He is survived by only wife. Whole music industry & people who loves to listen Gazals mourning over the death of Gazal maestro.
                    Jagjit Singh was born on February 8, 1941in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan. He had four sisters and two brothers and he is known as Jeet by his family.He has sung many songs & gazals for bollywood music & non filmi Gazals.He sungs in Hindi,Urdu,Punjabi & Nepali languages.He was the winner of Padma Bhushan for his contribution in Indian Music.He with his wife chitra who is also a Gazal singer recorded as most successful duo of husband-wife in 1970's to 1980's. He made people to listen Gazals as his voice & its expressions used to engross people. Jagjjit Singh has also sung for popular movies like Arth, Prem Geet, Sarfarosh and Tarqeeb. Jagjit Singh was the first Indian composer, and together with his wife Chitra Singh the first recording artist in the history of Indian music to use digital multi-track recording for their album, Beyond Time (1987) , that was India's first Digitally Recorded Album. On May 10, 2007, in a milestone joint session held in the historic Central Hall of India's Parliament (Sansad Bhawan), Jagjit Singh sung "Lagta nahin hai dil mera" , famous ghazal of the last Moghul Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar's to commemorate the 150th anniversary of India's First War of Independence that is 1857.He has given the modern face to Indian Gazals.
                     Jagjit Singh will always be remebered by indians for his immortal Gazals.It is really difficult to fill his place in Indian Music.May god give immortal peace to his soul.

Wednesday, 28 September 2011

Lata Mangeshkar : The most revered singer of india

Today is 28th September ,the first day of  Navratri's nine day festival of India.The same day Indian Music had given birth to the most eminent & revered personality of Lata Mangeshkar.We refers her as Gankokila or Gansamradyni or Cuckoo of India. In 1929,on same day india's most lovable personality born in family of Dinanath Mangeshkar.She was the eldest of all her 3 sisters & 1 brother.Meena,Asha,Usha & Hridaynath are the siblings of Lata Didi.Father Pt.Dinanath was a theater artist who used to make play's in Marathi. Lata didi first acted in his musical play & her named had changed from Hema to Lata of  the one of character from play.His father was from Goa & her mother who was second wife of Dinanath Mangeshkar was from Thalner of Dhule district in Maharashtra.
                     She had started her singing career in 1942,she wanted not to sing for Bollywood Movies as her father wished of to. But,in early days of her young hood ,she lost father Pt.Dinanath Mageshkar ,being eldest among all she had to carry forward  family after father's death ,she resorted to Bollywood for singing in order to feed her family.She always wanted to learn Indian Classical Music which she had never managed to learn in her career. Didi has sung more than 10 thousands songs & worked with all musician & singers of her era, her name is recorded in Guinness Book Of World  Record for recording most number of songs.She has 62 years of singing career in which Didi sung 36 regional language songs.She has been awarded by BHARATRATNA award which is best & biggest civil award given by Government Of India for her contribution to Indian Music. The song sung by Didi on the eve of 15th August,1947 "Ae mere vatan ke logon " was alluring & touching one that made india's first prime minister cry.Didi has won many awards in her singing career like filmfares & more.Recently she has been awarded with 'Hridaynath Award' in honor of his younger brother who is the best well known Music Composer in Marathi Music Industry.

                     No indian whether he knows about Music would never forget Lata Didi's immortal voice & would always be thankful for her contribution for the country.We all indians are thankful of whole Mangeshkar family for their enormous contribution to Indian Music Culture.

                                                     Happy Birthday Lata Didi

Sunday, 25 September 2011

Drum festival in pune for percussionists

                     India has great history & legacy of music & music events .There are number of events organized by people of india to bring all music performer on one platform & give the exposure to their music talent.The events like like Sawai Gandharv,Heartbeats are the most famous amongst all.
drum festival,sawai gandharv,heartbeats                                This time india's cultural city Pune organized the Drum Festival or Dumru on 16th of  September 2011, it was three days event & there were around 24 percussionists has been performed individually & in fusion as Jugalbandi. Despite of having rich legacy of  Music, that kind event had never been organized in country.The actor Rahul Solapurkar & tabla player Vijay Ghate had announced the three day festival. The performers  across the country like Grammy award-winner, Vidhwaan Vikku Vinayakaram (ghatam), Pandit Anindo Chatterjee (tabla), Pandit Kumar Bose (tabla), Pandit Suresh Talwalkar, Taufiq Qureshi (djembe), Murad Ali (sarangi), Pandit Bhavani Shankar (pakhawaj), Ranjit Barot, Sivamani and Gino Banks (drums), gracing the event. The aim of the event is to emphasize percussion instruments. Dumru aspires to become a yearly event.An initiative by Gladpeople Entertainment Network, the festival promises a melange of fine and veteran artists.
                       Dumru is the forefather of all percussion instruments used my Lord Shiva. Across the world,most of the developed country's organizes their drum festivals like Mordern Drummer Festival in the US, The World Drum Festival in Malaysia, Meinl Drum Festival in Germany etc and now India is too prepared with its very own drum festival.Being first big event of Music,organizer decided to give the free passes which were available on Radio One office, Bank of Maharashtra FC road branch, Mahalaxmi Lawns, The Sound Factor in camp and the makeover salon, millennium plaza on FC road.
                    This event shown the future events for classical music instruments .So all music lovers should prepare to face & enjoy new trend in Indian Music Culture.

Shivamani Playing Drums In Dumru Festival Of Pune.

Saturday, 24 September 2011

Indian Music Channels Making Worth

 In this era of entertainment every individual overwhelm with sort of entertainment channels.There are number of channel that indian people mad of. Indian television industry is one of  fastest growing &  huge revenue generating  industry in indian market with bunch of channel producing quality programmes.Amongst those,some of  the channels are thoroughly dedicated to Music.9xm chhote bade
                One of  the most famous channel which continuously playing new songs is 9XM.This channel provides some of bollywood gossips with songs.India’s Bollywood Music Channel in which presentation starts with Bakwaas like stuff by animated character.People loves the gossips & jokes of Chhote & Bade who are nothing but animated insects.Also there are characters like Betel Nuts who used to discuss something  & throw joke on it.The channel plays music of all genre.It creates real interest in people to stick with.
Mix adda,arziyaan,mix masala                    The most recently launch music channel by Sony TV  is Sony Mix on !st of September .This channel continuously gaining popularity because of their format.In break it shows the few line of songs sung by people who are not singers but love to & wish to sing .They takes children,college students,government & corporate employees,housewife who could not get time for Music from their daily routine .This channel has divided their 24 hours into separate section of 3 hours each.In morning ,it starts with Mix adda, Arziyaan that section contributes devotional songs,Any Time Music section contains new &  4-5 year old songs.It is playing all type of songs.
B4U music channel                    B4U Music is the partner of  B4U  group & it plays songs all time favorite hindi & non-filmi songs.This channel is one who give the exposure to non-filmi albums.It is one of the oldest & thoroughly dedicated music channel in indian television industry. ZEE Music is also the popular one amongst those who plays Hindi Movie Channel.ZEE TV group has multiple channels of all type of entertainment .There are also channels like Music,Zoom TV, MTV, VTV ,UTV that plays songs in middle section of their programmes.
                               All indian channels reading the nerves of indian people & making worth of it for themselves & for indian public too.                       

Thursday, 22 September 2011

Music instruments we encounter daily .

Music does exist in every part of nature and can be generated from any kind of source of living and non-living organism.In our daily life we use certain stuff like our utensils which can be great source of melody in music.There are sort of music instruments that are originated from things we use in our day to day life.

jal tarangJal Tarang : This instrument is indian melodic percussion instrument. It is made of ceramic bowl that are arranged in semi circle order.The bowls we used for taking soup,light meal etc.are ingredients of making this instrument.The bowl are filled with water and bowls are played by striking the edge with beaters, one in each adjusting the level of water,it creates myriads of music .In indian classical music,it is categorized into Ghan Vadya.In the wave-instruments, it is the most prominent and ancient instrument. Jal-tarang was also called jal-yantra.In bollywood ,this instrument used in song  'Gharse Nikalte Hi' of  movie 'Papa Kehte Hai'.

ghatamGhatam : This instrument is nothing but Matka,Ghada or it can be Maath ,pot made up of clay.Basically Ghatam is used in South india .It is one of fine instrument in indian carnatic music .There is analogue of it in Rajasthan called as madga or pani madaqa.the artist uses the fingers, thumbs, palms, and heels of the hands to strike its outer surface. An airy low-pitch bass sound, called gumki, is created by hitting the mouth of the pot with an open hand.Like jal tarang,we can create different tones by hitting different  part of Matka or Ghatam.In bollywood ,this instrument is popular & used various bollywood songs like song  'chappa Chappa Charakha chale'  of movie named 'Machis' and composed by one of  well known indian musician Vishal Bharadwaj.The songs starts with tone of Ghatam.

ektarEktar :Ektar is the medicants' drone. A round stick of about 4 feet length and less than 2" in diameter forms the finger-board. One end of this stick is provided with a tuning peg and the other end is passed through a hollow gourd resonator. It has an open string, one end of which is fastened to a nail fixed on to the projection of the stick beyond the resonator. From here, the string passes over a crude wooden bridge placed on the gourd and then fastened to the peg at the top. To increase the richness of tone, a silken or woollen thread is placed between the bridge and the string. The instrument is held either in the right hand or the left hand and the fore-finger is used to pluck the string. The gourd is nothing but the vegetable we used is our regular meal. It is called as Bhopala or Louki  in our local and national language.

Sanku or Shankha:The most ancient wind instrument known to man. It is represented in the Amaravathi and Sanchi sculptures (3rd century B.C.). It is held very sacred and reference to it is found in all the literature of India. It is one of the attributes of Sri Vishnu. The conch used by Sri Krishna was called "Panchajanya". The conch is blown through a small hole made in the spiral. It is used in temples, religious ceremonies and processions. Its tone has a distinctive quality of its own and can be heard at long distance.

GhugarooGhungaroo:Ghungaroo is basically used by indian classical dancers.The sounds produced by ghungroos vary greatly in pitch depending on their metallic composition and size. Ghungroos serve to accentuate the rhythmic aspects of the dance and allow complex footwork to be heard by the audience. They are worn immediately above the ankle, resting on the lateral malleolus and medial malleolus. A string of ghungroos can range from 50 to greater than 200 bells knotted together.In bollywood ,most of the art movies songs made use of Ghungaroo.
                    There are many more and lot more musical instruments that are originated from stuff we use in our day to day  life.Just trying to know existence of music in nature in depth.

Tuesday, 20 September 2011

Musical Instruments That Identifies States in India

                   In india there are various cultures,traditions followed by different types of people.We find unity in diversity of india. Each state in india have their own culture ,tradition & unique type their wearing.Different tribal communities survived in india due to its great philosophy & environment that made india good place to live.Each state have nurtured  their style of music from ancient time.There are sort of musical instruments that became the identity of  states.tutari,regional instrument
Tutari: The Tutari in Maharashtra, a bugle-like instrument, has survived not just because of its connections to royal traditions, but also because of its adaptability, as a current political symbol.Basically, tutari used to of making or announcing of arrival of kings or lords.In the tradition of Palkhi in maharshtra, people used to play Tutari to indicate march of saints or their deities.
dhol,punjab regional instrumentDhol: The Dhol is the identity of Punjab in india .This instrument is of high brass and more energetic like Punjabis. People in punjab plays dhol in almost every occasion & tradition  like marriage & their albums.Punjabi music recently pne the most popular music in india & western region of the world.Dhol is the soul of Punjabi music.
 sarangi,rajasthan regional instrumentSarangi:The Sarangi is the most important folk music instrument and is found in various forms in Rajasthan.There are different types or we can say versions of Sarangi that Rajasthani people plays for the entertainment of crowd or mob. The tourists from all over the world who comes to Rajasthan for its great heritage has special attraction of Sarangi.Rawanhatha & Kamaycha,Surinda,Chikara are the different versions of Sarangi that comes in small sizes & played .using bow.

Sumui(Flute):Sumui (Flute) is one of the most ancient and common instrument in the musical tradition of Tripura. Sumui, is the most perfect and least mechanical of all the instruments. The sumui is very dear to the tribes of Tripura. It is made of bamboo. There are two types of sumui, one having 7 (seven) holes and the other having 8 (eight) hole. Mostly found are two maipulator characteristic features:
Saraswati veenaVeena:It is the most popular musical instrument of South India, popularly known as the Saraswati Veena. It is a plucked string instrument that is designed and used to accompany Carnatic music. There are several variations of the veena, which in its South Indian form is a member of the lute family. One who plays the veena is referred to as a vainika.

Nadaswaram,Tamil nadu regional instrumentNadaswaram:Nadaswaram, also known as Nadaswaram, is considered to be one of the most ancient and unique musical instruments of Tamil Nadu. It is extremely appropriate to call this instrument a rare combination of music and divinity, because of its consideration as a very auspicious instrument and is found at temples and at weddings.

Chenda regional musical instrument
Chenda:Cylindrical in shape, Chenda is an extremely popular instrument in Kerala and some parts of Karnataka as well. It is a percussion instrument and is also called Chende in Karnataka. It usually accompanies Hindu religious art forms of Kerala. Chenda is used as accompaniment for Kathakali and Koodiyattam dances and rituals in Kerala.
santoorSantoor:In India, "Santoor" was used as an accompaniment instrument to the folk music of Kashmir. It was a 100-stringed instrument played in a style of music known as the Sufiana Mausiqi. The Sufi mystics used it as an accompaniment to their hymns.The original Sanskrit name of Santoor was "Shatha Tantri Veena" meaning a lute or a stringed instrument that has over hundred strings. Santoor is a Persian name to this same instrument "Shatha Tantri Veena" that has references back to Vedic literature.
flute,flute regional instrument of bihar and uttar pradesh
 Bansuri: This classical instrument mostly used in state of Bihar & Uttar Pradesh.It is one the most melody  sound producing instrument. In indian ancient history, Bansuri was used by Lord Krishna as he was the greatest flutist in indian society could remember.It is basically a straight bamboo with hole in it & it produces a sound when air flows through it. 

Sunday, 18 September 2011

Interlinking of Music with Nature

music of water fall
Music and Nature are the indivisible part of every living being.When one think of nature ,scenes of waterfall,mountains in the cloud & greenery rises in one's eyes.Suddenly he get pleased with enchanting & eternal feeling of nature .Music plays same role in nature what nature plays in life of every living beings .Without sound ,its meaningless to talk & think about nature they are closely related to each other.
                   Nature & Music gives evidence of their relationship in various ways that every one could understand.When one sees water falling from heights ,he not only loves the scene but also the sound that spawned from falling of water ,when someone stands in open ground in forest surrounded by cloudy environment,he gets excited by the sound of flowing of air ,in the early morning when one get wake up ,he used to pleased with sound of  chirping of birds.There are lot more & many more evidences we encounter with daily.
Nature and music                  Our perception of nature & music relationship is superficial .I think nature itself chooses some deserved living beings to understand his behavior ,fillings & evidence of this is when any natural calamity like super cyclone ,flood & earth quake going to strike, animals are only living beings get informed by nature first as they climbed up to mountains before it happens ,even humans are not deserved to serve him better.There are sorts of ragas in indian classical music related to different moods of nature.All music lovers,singers,musicians get inspired by nature to create some eternal sound that binds everyone in world & engrosses all in World Of Music.Music is only way nature use to convey his feelings to all living beings.

Thursday, 15 September 2011

Carnatic Music - Soul of indian classical music.

Basically indian classical music is divided into two parts as Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music.These  two types of music represents regions in india ,Hindustani Music was basically formed in North India & it reflects the influence of persian and Islamic music.of  Islamic Era in india.In carnatic music emphasis is on vocal,most composition written to be sung & when played on instruments,they meant to be performed in Gayaki..Carnatic music is a very complex system of music that requires much thought, both artistically and technically.
carnatic music
Purandara Dasa
                Although there are stylistic differences, the basic elements of sruti (the relative musical pitch), swara (the musical sound of a single note), rāga (the mode or melodic formulæ), and tala (the rhythmic cycles) form the foundation of improvisation and composition in both Carnatic and Hindustani music.There are many composers in Carnatic music. Purandara Dasa (1480–1564) is known as the father (Pitamaha) of Carnatic music because of his pioneering contributions to Carnatic music. Purandara Dasa is renowned for formulating the basic lessons of Carnatic music. He structured graded exercises known as Swaravalis and Alankaras, and at the same time, introduced the Raga Mayamalavagowla as the first scale to be learnt by beginners. He also composed Gitas (simple songs) for novice students.Important elements of carnatic music are Sruti,Swara,Raga system,Tala system.Swara refers to a type of musical sound that is a single note, which defines a relative (higher or lower) position of a note, rather than a defined frequency.[19] Swaras also refer to the solfege(vocal excersise) of Carnatic music, which consist of seven notes, "sa-ri-ga-ma-pa-da-ni" (compare with the Hindustani sargam: sa-re-ga-ma-pa-dha-ni or Western do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti). These names are abbreviations of the longer names shadja, rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, panchama, dhaivata and nishada.
Carnatic music, the representation of a rich cultural heritage of south India, the essence of spirituality evolved out of the heart and brain of the pious ones and the gurus of the past. Thus carnatic music of South India is the synonym to salvation and eternity. The Nada Brahma - God incarnated in a sonic form to save humans from birth and rebirths.

Wednesday, 14 September 2011

Music - The way to communicate with Lord .

saint surdas
              In indian society music has got huge importance as it is being used by various saints to praise the Lord.Music forms the way to make GOD happy & get his blessings.Our saints used to sing  Bhajans , kirtans , abhangas,Bharudas ,Sufi Sangeet etc which are termed as devotional poems & songs in praise of Lord.Indian society is responsible for making music what it is now to the world..
                 The saint "Surdas" who was said to be blind could sing songs of Lord Krishna & Radha, it is said that he had sung & composed more than 1,00,000 of devotional songs on krishna & radha,out of that only 8,000 is in records & available.He is best known for collection of his composition 'Sursagar'. One of  the famous name in Hindustani music is sangeet samraat "Tansen".His contribution to the world of music is priceless and is still worshiped by leading singers and composers of the world. He is believed to be the father of Hindustani Music.He was an extraordinarily gifted vocalist, known for a large number of compositions, and also an instrumentalist who popularized and improved the Rabab.Several of his raga compositions have become mainstays of the Hindustani tradition, and these are often prefaced with Miyan ki ("of the Miyan"), e.g. Miyan ki Todi, Miyan ki Malhar, Miyan ki Mand, Miyan ka Sarang; in addition he is the creator of major ragas like Darbari Kanada, Darbari Todi, and Rageshwari.Tansen also authored Sangeeta Sara and Rajmala which constitute important documents on music.Likewise ,Bajju Bawra was also the finest Hindustani Music singer  of that era .M.S Subbulakshmi is a name that is synonymous with the world of Carnatic music. This flawless singer whose voice had a divine power is the first singer in India to be presented with the Bharat Ratna, the highest award given to any civilian. M.S was introduced to Carnatic music at a very early age. She released her first album at the mere age of 10!.Some of her most famous works include Suprabhatam (Early Morning Hymns), Bhajagovindam (composed by Adi Shankaracharya praising Lord Krishna), Kurai Onrum Illai (composed by Rajagopalachari), Vishnu Sahasranamam (1000 names of Lord Vishnu), Hanuman Chalisa (Prayers to Lord Hanuman), etc. Any ardent fan of Carnatic classical music is sure to have all these and much more works of M.S Subbulakshmi.
These are some of  personalities who brought Indian Music To new heights

Monday, 12 September 2011

"Sa Re Ga Ma Pa" : The most loved singing talent show

                 Indian television industry continuosly evolving with abundance of quality programmes & shows. There are number of channels that all indians are overwhelm with.The most popular shows on indian television are "Talent Hunt"  Shows .Out of these "sa re ga ma pa" on ZTV is the most favourite & most sustainable ,long running singing talent show. It has history of bringing most talented singers to Bollywood Music Industry.
Sa Re Ga Ma Pa
                   This show has been continuously spawning singers for indian music industry,ZEETV through this show proving platform for all who have ability to become good singers , ZEETV running this show in various languages so that people can sing in their mother tongue & get chance to prove their singing talent to all. Sa Re Ga Ma Pa has maintained quality of the show by bringing  judges that are most qualified & prominent in Indian Music Industry.The show has been spreading its magic since 1995 when Bollywood Best Singer sonu nigam had hosted the show ,thereafter amanat ali,ayan ali,shaan were some of them & currently aditya narayan is hosting the show.Zee TV Telugu has also started "Sa Re Ga Ma Pa" in 2007 and run 2 series named "Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Seniors" and "Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Little Champs" and has started a new series "Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Super Seniors" for aged group above 35 years.Zee Marathi also has its own version of  'Sa Re Ga Ma Pa'.Famous & well known bollywood and pop singers like Kunal Ganjawala,Shreya Ghoshal,Vijay Prakash,Avdhoot Gupte ,Bela Shende had shared the "Sa Re Ga Ma Pa" stage.The bollywood famous musicians like Himesh Reshmiya,Adesh Shrivastav,Jatin,lalit,Vishal & Shekhar had been popular judges amongst all.In little champs Adnam Sami,Kailash Khair & Javed Ali experiencing & judging singing talents of  little champions who are continuously astonishing them by their singing performances. There are sort of programs of Music running on different channels & giving chance and providing platform for folk singers also. They are making huge contribution to our Indian Music.
If you have something that really matters to the world of music then it must be shown.

Saturday, 10 September 2011

Shriniwas Khale - Pearl of marathi music in india.

Shriniwas khale well known as khale kaka was one of all time favorite music composer in marathi & hindi music industry in india.Indian music industry is in deep grief of sad demise of khale kaka.He was one of the most respected artists in the Marathi music industry for over six decades. He was the recipient of Padma Bhushan award in 2010.

Shrinivas Khale
Shriniwas khale alias khale kaka
         Shriniwas khale alias khale kaka was from a village called Parali in Kokan-Raigad zilla, Maharashtra, India.He composed numerous songs in five languages like marathi,gujrati,hindi,bengali and sanskrit.He worked with many artists in bollywood like gan kokila lata mageshkar,asha bhosle,mohd. rafi,manna dey,suresh wadkar & many more.Khale Kaka was also the only musician to bring along two Bharat Ratna recipient singers, Smt Lata Mangeshkar and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi for a Hindi bhajan (devotional song) album Ram Shyam Gun Gan. His last album "Nath Maza Mi Nathancha" was released in September 2009 which includes Abhangas Bhaktigeetas by Saint Krishnadas.
                      Shriniwas Khale began his music lessons with Kanchanlal, a gujrati music teacher. He continued then with Pt. Bansilal Bharati, Gulam Rasool, Aftaab e Mousiqui Faiyaaz Khan Sahab, Ustad Atta Hussainkhan and then Pt. Madhusudan Joshi. It was from the latter two that he learned the Agra gharana gayaki.He began his journey as a music director for All India Radio (AIR) in 1945. He went on his first Gujarati recording of Talat Mahmood in Gramaphone Company India Limited in 1950.He had left home to pursue his career in music from Baroda. In 1970 Shrinivas Khale - Ek Sankalan by Mauj Publishers was released for completing 25 years as a successful music director. He was profiled in Who's Who London (1978), Voice of America (1988), Radio Sydney, Australia (2000). In 2009 Datta Marulkar wrote a book Antaryami Surr Gavasala about Khale.
                       Shankar  mahadevan one the best music composer & singer of bollywood music industry learnt lessons of music from khale kaka when he was just 10 year old.Shriniwas khale most of marathi hits songs were written by well known marathi poet & his good friend Shri Mangesh Padgaonkar .Songs written & compose by duo were so famous in marathi music industry.Finally,shriniwas khale alias khale kaka took his last breath at the age of 85 in his house in neighbouring Thane this month on 2 september 2011 of short illness.He was survived by wife & three daughters.May god give peace to his soul.

Thursday, 8 September 2011

Legends of indian music industry

               In world of globalization indian music getting good exposure.The indian music crossing border & spreading his magic across the world.There were some people who made this possible & they are legends of ever growing indian music industry as they created a base for music industry in india.I tried to bring them together in brief in this article.
SachinDev BurmanSachin Dev Burman , also credited as Burman da, Kumar Sachindra Dev Barman, Sachin karta or S. D. Burman, was one of the most famous music composers for Hindi movies and a Bengali singer and composer. His son Rahul Dev Burman also achieved great success as a Bollywood music director in his own right. S D Burman composed music for 100 movies, including Bengali films. S. D. Burman was born on 1 October 1906, in Comilla, British India, now in Bangladesh, to Rajkumari Nirmala Devi, princess of Manipur and Nabadwipchandra Dev Burman, the second son of 'Ishanachandra Dev Burman', Raja of Tripura, (r. 1849-1862). Sachin was the youngest of the five sons, of his parents, who had nine children in all.Early on in his career, he refused to allow his voice be lip-synced on film by actors,[4] as a result, even later on, in Hindi cinema, his thin yet powerful voice was often used as bardic commentary to haunting results, as in Ore Majhi Mere Sajan Hai Us Paar Bandini (1963), Wahaan Kaun hai Tera from "Guide" (1965) and finally Safal Hogi Teri Aradhana from Aradhana (1969),[15] for which he received the National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the year, 1970 .
The Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar was named after the composer by Sachin's grandfather, who was an ardent fan of S. D. Burman.
Omkar Prasad Nayyar (16 January 1926 – 28 January 2007) was an Indian film music director and composer born in Lahore, India, now in modern day Pakistan. He was particularly acclaimed for his peppy numbers.
O.P. is reported to have commanded the highest fees in the Hindi movie music world at the height of his reign as a composer. He was the first Hindi music director to receive 100,000 rupees for his compositions for a movie. It was a very substantial sum of money in the 1950s.O.P. was known to have a stubborn individuality, and traits of aloofness and imperiousness. However, he was always generous with struggling newcomers and artists who had been marginalized in the movie industry. The press was always deferential to him, and frequently referred to him as a "rebel" composer. Many columnists too labeled him as a maverick. Judging from his combative performance in various TV talk shows later on, O.P. seemed to enjoy those epithets.
           O.P. worked extensively with Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle, and Mohammed Rafi, and was instrumental in building their careers. Some Bollywood observers maintained that Asha Bhosle was his find and that he groomed her specially for his tunes. Many of his compositions which Asha sang are memorable and have a contemporary flair.O.P. never worked with Lata Mangeshkar, the melody queen.

Shankar Jaikishan also known as S/J, is an Indian music composer duo in the Hindi film industry, working together from 1949–1971.Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi (25 October 1922 – 26 April 1987) born in Tanuku, west godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, but was a native of Rajasthan originally while Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal (4 November 1929 – 12 September 1971) belonged to Bansda (Vansada), Gujarat.
Shankar-Jaikishan were the pioneers in establishing the role of the orchestra in song compositions as a medium to express and enhance the meanings and feelings of songs rather than using it just as a `filler' as per the prevalent practice before their advent on the scene.  Shankar-Jaikishan made a significant contribution in promoting Indian classical music throughout their career. It was their established practice to have at least one song in a movie based on semi-classical style.
 Shankar Jaikishan had the major contribution towards the development of Jazz music in India and the new genre Indo Jazz. Their 1968 album Raaga-Jazz style is the earliest Indo-Jazz recording in India. In this album, considered to be one of the most innovative, SJ created 11 songs based on Indian Ragas with saxophone, trumpet, sitar (by Rais Khan), tabla, bass etc.

Laxmikant-Pyarelal Pyare were a popular Indian composer duo, consisting of Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar (1937–1998) and Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (born 1940).Laxmikant was born into a poor family. He was quite impressed by mandolin and learnt to play it on his own eventually playing the mandolin publicly in street functions.Pyarelal was the son of a renowned trumpeter Pt. Ramprasad Sharma (popularly known as Babaji), who taught him the basics of music. He learnt to play violin from a Goan musician named Anthony Gonsalves.Laxmi-Pyare gave Indian classical music as well as Western music. But they were most popular for their folk tunes and semi-classical music. 
Lata Mangeshkar played a major role in shaping up the careers of LP. She sang the maximum numbers of songs for them. She sounded extremely melodious under LP. Lata Mangeshkar and Laxmikant-Pyarelal shared a long, close and rewarding association.

Naushad Ali ( December 25, 1919 – May 5, 2006) was an Indian musician. He was one of the foremost music directors for Bollywood films of all time, and is particularly known for popularizing the use of classical music in films. Naushad was raised as a Muslim in Lucknow, a city with a long tradition as a center of Muslim culture. His father, Wahid Ali, was a munshi (court clerk). As a child, Naushad would visit the annual fair at the Deva Sharif in Barabanki, 25 km from Lucknow, where all the great qawwals and musicians of those days would perform before the devotees, and Naushad would sit there, listening to those wondrous melodies. He studied classic Hindustani music there under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali, Ustad Babban Saheb, and others. He repaired harmoniums.
Naushad was known for his deft adaptation of the classical musical tradition for movies. For some movies like Baiju Bawra, he composed all scores in classical raga modes. He could easily work with Western instruments, including the clarinet, the mandolin, and the accordion. He could incorporate Western musical idioms in his compositions, and compose for Western-style orchestras.He composed the tunes of Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story (2005) at the age of 86, thus becoming the world's oldest composer.
5 films have been made on his life and work Naushad Ka Sangeet, Sangeet Ka Badshah, Naushad (T. V.) 1972, Biography-by Doordarshan; B. C. LONDON T. V. 's Movie Mahal Naushad, and T. V. Serial 'Zinda Ka Safer Biographical books published are Dastaan-E-Naushad (Marathi) by Shashikant Kinikar; Aaj Awat Man Mero (Gujarati); Hindi and Urdu biographical sketches in Shama & Sushma Magazines respectively, titled "Naushad Ki Kahani, Naushad Ki Zubani"; the last one was translated into Marathi by Shashikant Kinikar. Kinikar also came up with a book titled "Notes of Naushad" which puts together some interesting anecdotes of Naushad's life.

Usha Khanna (born 1941 in Gwalior) is an Indian music director. Regarded as the first established female music director in the Indian film industry, she remained active for more than 3 decades from 1960s to 1980s. She is still active making some music for some movies and television-serials, more than 40 years after her debut as music director in Dil Deke Dekho (1959). She received a Filmfare nomination for composing the songs for the huge hit film Souten (1983). 
After she started composing music for Hindi movies, Usha Khanna struggled to establish herself as a music director, despite producing many hit songs. She often collaborated with Asha Bhosle, who referred to Usha Khanna as her daughter, and Mohammed Rafi. This trio produced many hit songs.Saawan Kumar was often the lyricist for Usha Khanna, and wrote most of his lyrics for her songs. He directed and produced the lyrics for eleven movies she scored the music for. In 1979 K J Yesudas received Filmfare award for her song Dil ke tukde tukde in the film Dada. Usha Khanna married to Sawankumar Tak but later they separarted and she live alone in Bombay(present name Mumbai) now.

Tuesday, 6 September 2011

Maa Saraswati: Goddess of music in spiritual indian

Maa saraswati is the goddess of Music in india.In ancient india,maa saraswati represents knowledge,music,river.The name "saraswati" came came from "saras" (meaning "flow") and "wati" (meaning "a woman").

The goddess Saraswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in pure white often seated on a white lotus, which symbolizes that she is founded in the experience of the Absolute Truth. Thus, she not only has the knowledge but also the experience of the Highest Reality. She is mainly associated with the color white, which signifies the purity of true knowledge. Occasionally, however, she is also associated with the colour yellow, the colour of the flowers of the mustard plant that bloom at the time of her festival in the spring. She is not adorned heavily with jewels and gold, unlike the goddess Lakshmi, but is dressed modestly — representing her preference of knowledge over worldly material things.In Hindu beliefs, great significance is attached to offering honey to this goddess, as honey is representative of perfect knowledge. Hymns dedicated to her include Saraswati Vandana Mantra.
She is generally shown to have four arms, which represent the four aspects of human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness, and ego. Alternatively, these four arms also represent the 4 Vedas, the primary sacred books for Hindus. The Vedas, in turn, represent the 3 forms of literature:
  • Poetry — the Rigveda contains hymns, representing poetry
  • Prose — Yajurveda contains prose
  • Music — Samaveda represents music.
The four hands also depict this thus — prose is represented by the book in one hand, poetry by the garland of crystal, music by the veena. The pot of sacred water represents purity in all of these three, or their power to purify human thought.In the Rigveda, Saraswati is a river as well as its personification as a goddess. In the post-Vedic age, she began to lose her status as a river goddess and became increasingly associated with literature, arts, music, etc. In Hinduism, Saraswati represents intelligence, consciousness, cosmic knowledge, creativity, education, enlightenment, music, the arts, eloquence and power. Hindus worship her not only for "academic knowledge", but for "divine knowledge" essential to achieve moksha.
She is shown to hold the following in her hands:
  • A book, which is the sacred Vedas, representing the universal, divine, eternal, and true knowledge as well as her perfection of the sciences and the scriptures.
  • A mālā (rosary) of crystals, representing the power of meditation and spirituality.
  • A pot of sacred water, representing creative and purification powers.
  • The vina, a musical instrument that represents her perfection of all arts and sciences. Saraswati is also associated with anurāga, the love for and rhythm of music which represents all emotions and feelings expressed in speech or music.

            In india Maa saraswati revered most as goddess of knowledge and music.Maa carrying Veena & sitting on lotus allures everyone & compels everyone to resort Knowledge & Music.

                                      JAI MAA SARASWATI

Monday, 5 September 2011

Masters of indian music

                   People who brought new face to indian Music are the masters of indian music.As there are people who got mastery in playing indian classical .These people spent their whole life in worship of goddess Maa Saraswati & her  'Sadhana' .Following is the brief of some these personalities.
Ustad Zakir Hussain (born 9 March 1951), son of tabla player Ustad Allah Rakha, is the most famous classical tabla player in India (and, probably, in the world) today. He is appreciated both in the field of percussion and in the music world at large. He has won many awards and much recognition for his contributions.
Zakir Hussain has worked with many leading Western and Indian artists, and has produced many works of East-West fusion, perhaps most notably with George Harrison

Ravi Shankar Sitar Player Born : 7 April 1920,Birthplace : aranasi, India Best known as: The sitar virtuoso who influenced The Beatles Ravi Shankar is the 20th century's most famous player of the complex stringed instrument known as the sitar. The 1950s were possibly Shankar's most creative period: he composed and performed, worked as musical director of All-India Radio in Delhi, created the Vadya Vrinda Chamber Orchestra, scored films (most notably the Apu Trilogy of director Satyajit Ray) and began touring the world and winning acclaim for himself and for Indian music. In the 1960s Shankar grew still more famous for his influence on The Beatles, who used a sitar in some of their more psychedelic tunes. (Shankar was particular friends with George Harrison, who produced some of Shankar's later albums.) As years passed Shankar became known less as a performer and more as an elder statesman of world music. In 2000 he was given the French Legion of Honor, and in 2001 he was awarded an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II.

Hari Prassad Chaurasia Born: July 1, 1938,Achievement: Noted flute player; recipient of Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhusan. Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, is a world-renowned exponent of the bansuri or bamboo flute. He is one of those rare classical musicians who expanded the peripheries of classical music by taking it to the common masses. 
Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia was born on July 1, 1938 at Allahabad in a non-musical family. His father was a wrestler and wanted him to become one. Scared of his father, Hari Prasad Chaurasia learnt music secretly. At the age of 15, he started learning vocal music from Pandit Rajaram. After some time, he switched to learning flute under the guidance of Pt. Bholanath of Varanasi. Later on, while working for All India Radio, he received guidance from the reclusive Annapurna Devi (daughter of Baba Allaudin Khan). 
                    Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia has introduced several innovations in the art of playing flute. He has significantly expanded the expressive possibilities of North Indian classical flute through his masterful blowing technique. Hariprasad Chaurasia has also made his mark as music director in the Hindi film industry. In partnership with Pandit Shivkumar Sharma, he has given music in several hit Hindi films such as "Silsila", "Chandni", and "Lamhe".Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia has won several honors and awards. These include: Sangeet Natak Academy Award (1984), Padma Bhushan (1992), and Padma Vibhusan (2000).

Ustad Bismillah Khan Born: March 21, 1916,Died: August 21, 2006 ,Achievement: Brought shehnai to the center stage of Indian classical music; Became the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.The legendary shehnai player, Ustad Bismillah Khan was one of India's most celebrated classical musicians. Bismillah Khan has been credited with taking the shehnai from the marriage mandap to the concert hall. 
                       Ustad Bismillah Khan brought Shehnai to the center stage of Indian classical music with his concert in the Calcutta All India Music Conference in 1937. He had the honor of performing at Delhi's Red Fort on the occasion of India's Independence on August 15, 1947. Bismillah Khan mesmerized everyone with his heart-touching rendering of Raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India's first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. Ustad Bismillah Khan was a recipient of many honors and awards. These include: Padma Vibhushan (1980), Padma Bhushan (1968), Padma Shri (1961), Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1956), and Tansen Award by Govt. of Madhya Pradesh. In 2001, Ustad Bismillah Khan became the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.Ustad Bismillah Khan died on August 21, 2006 due to cardiac arrest.

L.Subramaniam Born - 23 July 1947,Achievements - L. Subramaniam is a talented senior Indian violinist, composer and conductor skilled in Carnatic music of south India and Western classical. He is known to have done more than 150 recordings and has worked with many big names like Yehudi Menuhin, Stéphane Grappelli, Ruggiero Ricci, etc. 
L. Subramaniam is a very highly talented senior Indian violinist, composer and conductor. He is skilled in Carnatic music, which is the classical music tradition of south India as well as Western classical. L. Subramaniam is famous for his music and compositions in orchestral fusion. He is known to have done more than 150 recordings and has worked with a number of other big names like Yehudi Menuhin, Stéphane Grappelli, Ruggiero Ricci and so many others.L. Subramaniam, who hails from a Tamil family, gave his first public performance at the age of six. Music was in his blood from very childhood as both his parents, father V. Lakshminarayana, and mother V. Seethalakshmi, were renowned musicians. Though he acquired a doctorate in medicine, he chose to remain a violinist. He married Viji Subramanian and again after her death, the popular Indian playback singer Kavita Krishnamoorthy in 1999. The biography of L. Subramaniam's music career is quite impressive. 

Shiv Kumar Sharma Born: January 13, 1938,Achievement: Credited with single-handedly making the santoor a popular classical instrument; Recipient of Padmashree and Padma Vibhushan (2001) .Shiv Kumar Sharma's name is synonymous with santoor, Indian classical music instrument. Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma is credited with single-handedly making the santoor a popular classical instrument. 
Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma was born on January 13, 1938. Shivkumar Sharma took his initial training in music under his father, Pandit Uma Dutt Sharma, an exponent of the Benaras Gharana and the "raj pandit" at the court of Maharaja Pratap Singh. Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma learnt both the Tabla and the Santoor. He was also a vocalist. But, Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma became famous because of his improvisations with santoor, a folk instrument from the valley of Kashmir. Shiv Kumar Sharma modified santoor to make it more suitable for his classical technique. He introduced the new chromatic arrangement of notes and increased the range to cover full three octaves. He also improvised a new technique of playing with which he could sustain notes and maintain sound continuity. Shiv Kumar Sharma brought Santoor at par with other classical instruments, well established it not just all over India, but also across the globe. 

Thursday, 1 September 2011

Different types of MUSIC

                 Different types of music help in soothing one’s disturbed soul, in the growth of concentration and also enliven us to live life to the fullest. There are varied genres of music as people have different tastes. For e.g., classical music, rock, jazz, metal, rap, folk etc. But the objective remains the same. The aim of all music is to touch the core of the heart and thus music can be called an expression of our heart’s saying. To understand and know about different genres of music, let us have a look at the following genres.

folk music
Different Music Genres

Classical Music: Classical music is a complex form of music as it requires high musical skills, like learning the ragas and ability to coordinate with other musicians. One has to maintain the complex relationship between its emotional flows. If you wish to learn this music, then you have to go through proper training.

Rock Music: This music genre originated in the rock and roll era of 1950s. The vocals are accompanied by guitar, drum and bass. (Read information on musical instruments.) Certain rock groups also use piano, synthesizer, saxophone, flute, mandolin and sitar for a deeper effect. This type of music has several sub genres, such as hard rock, progressive rock and metal rock. All these types of rock music are popular till date.
indian classical music

Metal Music: Metal music emerged after the Second World War. Here the melody of the song is heavily influenced by the structure of the songs. While in rock music, songwriting is based within a form; in metal music, the central melody decides the structure of the song. It is also known as ‘information music’.

Hip-hop Music: Hip-hop music always includes the use of instruments such as guitar, violin, fiddle, piano, bass and drums. In these types of music, the bass is the main instrument. This can be used in different intensities to emote feelings of anger, pride and others. This type of music is the result of hip-hop culture and is known as hip-hop music. This music shows a heavy influence of Jamaican music. The roots of the music are found in African American and West African music. It was first played by a group of traveling singers and poets of West Africa.

rock music
Wedding Ceremony Music: Wedding music is used in the ceremonies like wedding. These can be classical and modern, according the tastes of people. Some people prefer country melodies, while others opt for classical music as wedding music. Such music varies from every culture.

Trance Music: This type of music is usually played in club houses and discotheques. It originated in the 20th century. This music is characterized by fast tempo and repetitious beats of the percussion. It has a hypnotic effect on the souls of listeners.

pop music
Jazz: This type of music is featured by strong and complex rhythms. The main musical instruments used for jazz music are cornet, trumpet or violin, that help carry the melody. This is a rhythmic music and has a forward momentum called "swing". However, in this music genre, the skilled performer interprets a tune in his own way. To know more about the musicians of this genre read on jazz musicians.

Folk Music: Folk music is a kind of traditional music that is handed down from generations in every culture. This type of music reflects the emotions of common laity. Popular music and tribal music are the two sub genres of folk music. This folk music shows the social upheaval that lies among various classes of people. This also portrays their struggle for survival and their culture.

Techno Music: Techno music is also known as fusion music. This became popular towards the middle part of of the 1980s. This is a form of electronic dance music and based on African American music styles like funk, electro and electric jazz. It features fast beats and this form was initiated by Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson and Derrick May.

Opera Music: Opera music first emerged in Italy in the 1600s. This genre has a remarkable combination of theatrical art and musical invention and is specifically played in the theaters. This has greater appeal for its delightful orchestral accompaniment. The preludes and interludes of this music set the tone for the action on-stage.