Basically indian classical music is divided into two parts as Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music.These two types of music represents regions in india ,Hindustani Music was basically formed in North India & it reflects the influence of persian and Islamic music.of Islamic Era in india.In carnatic music emphasis is on vocal,most composition written to be sung & when played on instruments,they meant to be performed in Gayaki..Carnatic music is a very complex system of music that requires much thought, both artistically and technically.
Although there are stylistic differences, the basic elements of sruti (the relative musical pitch), swara (the musical sound of a single note), rāga (the mode or melodic formulæ), and tala (the rhythmic cycles) form the foundation of improvisation and composition in both Carnatic and Hindustani music.There are many composers in Carnatic music. Purandara Dasa (1480–1564) is known as the father (Pitamaha) of Carnatic music because of his pioneering contributions to Carnatic music. Purandara Dasa is renowned for formulating the basic lessons of Carnatic music. He structured graded exercises known as Swaravalis and Alankaras, and at the same time, introduced the Raga Mayamalavagowla as the first scale to be learnt by beginners. He also composed Gitas (simple songs) for novice students.Important elements of carnatic music are Sruti,Swara,Raga system,Tala system.Swara refers to a type of musical sound that is a single note, which defines a relative (higher or lower) position of a note, rather than a defined frequency. Swaras also refer to the solfege(vocal excersise) of Carnatic music, which consist of seven notes, "sa-ri-ga-ma-pa-da-ni" (compare with the Hindustani sargam: sa-re-ga-ma-pa-dha-ni or Western do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti). These names are abbreviations of the longer names shadja, rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, panchama, dhaivata and nishada.
Carnatic music, the representation of a rich cultural heritage of south India, the essence of spirituality evolved out of the heart and brain of the pious ones and the gurus of the past. Thus carnatic music of South India is the synonym to salvation and eternity. The Nada Brahma - God incarnated in a sonic form to save humans from birth and rebirths.